Vitamins and minerals for the health of your cats (Explained)

Vitamins and minerals are needed for the formation and normal functioning of many immune cells

Vitamin A, B1, B3 and C deficiency cause various diseases that can be cured by intake of a sufficient amount of certain vitamin. As with humans and animals, viral and bacterial infections reduce vitamin A, B6 and C levels in the body, while high temperatures lower the level of vitamin B2. All vitamin B groups, and vitamin C are necessary for the normal functioning of white blood cells in inflammatory reactions. Each vitamin has its role, and it is important to protect your pet from various diseases, infections and weak immune system.In order for your cat’s health to be complete, you must not forget about certain minerals that are also important for good immunity.

Vitamin A, B1, B3 and C deficiency cause various diseases that can be cured by intake of a sufficient amount of certain vitamin. As with humans and animals, viral and bacterial infections reduce vitamin A, B6 and C levels in the body, while high temperatures lower the level of vitamin B2. All vitamin B groups, and vitamin C are necessary for the normal functioning of white blood cells in inflammatory reactions. Each vitamin has its role, and it is important to protect your pet from various diseases, infections and weak immune system.In order for your cat’s health to be complete, you must not forget about certain minerals that are also important for good immunity.

Calcium

Calcium is a mineral widespread everywhere in nature in the form of carbonates, sulphates, silicates and salts. It is found in milk, dairy products, tap water, fish (especially sardines and sardines), white flour, bread, green leafy vegetables and enriched cereals. This mineral absorbs into the body through the intestinal wall, and absorption is enhanced by the presence of vitamin D. To make the amount of calcium in the body adequate, magnesium depends on it. Both must be present in the body at a precise ratio so that it can function normally.Calcium deficiency is particularly alarming for kittens and cats in older ages because it can cause bone deformation. Too much calcium can also cause bone, dental, and hair weakness, as well as cause various allergic reactions. Before taking the calcium supplement, consult your veterinarian to get your cat the appropriate dose that he needs.

Selen

Selen is found in unrefined foods, especially in integral flour, seafood, egg yolks, fish, cereals, livers, garlic, and dairy cows. The food is in organic form, in addition to the diet in both organic and inorganic form. These two forms are differently absorbed; It is almost completely absorbed organically (85 to 95 percent), while inorganic absorption ranges from 40 to 70 percent, depending on the type of preparation. When the body reaches the saturation point, the inorganic selenium is excreted via urine and is stored organically in the tissues. Almost half of the total amount of 10 to 15 mg of selenium in the body is stored in the liver.Animals need a very small amount and large doses may be toxic. Its supplementation must be strictly controlled by the veterinarian, and only in case of lack. Selenium has antioxidant properties in combination with vitamin E.

Zinc

Zinc is a metal element, very important for health. He participates in many processes that occur in the body and manages many enzymes. Zinc is found in liver, red meat, egg yolk, whole flour, seafood, dairy products, vegetables, cereals and their products. Since zinc strengthens and stimulates the action of the immune system against viruses, bacteria and allergens, cats with various inflammatory processes in the body, especially the intestines should take extra zinc. Zinc deficiency can also cause vitamin A deficiency, since without the presence of zinc antioxidant vitamin A from the food can not absorb in the body. Cats with skin or hair problems are often supplemented with zinc, although too high doses should be cautious because they may be toxic.

Manganese

Mangan is found in nuts, whole grains, vegetables, legumes and avocados. Mineral is stored in cells, preferably pigmented cells of skin, hair and eye retina. It is needed for strong and healthy bones, nerves and muscles, and for proper growth. Inadequate manganese intake causes deformation of the bones, but manganese deficiency in cats is very rare. The disadvantage is most common in kittens.

Iron

Iron is essential for life and many biological processes. It comes in three forms: like hem iron in meat, as non-hem iron in vegetables and as non-hem iron that is added to the foods. Each species is absorbed at different speeds and in a different amount, but mainly from the eaten foods it absorbs very little iron, about five percent only. The best natural sources of iron are meat (especially liver), peas, parsley, eggs, green leafy vegetables, nuts (except almonds), apricots and figs. The deficiency of this mineral causes anemia, and the cat whose anemia is diagnosed must take supplements.If the cat does not have enough iron, her milk will not contain enough of it, and it can transfer anemia to the kittens. It is important to note that the supplementation will not affect the higher production of iron in the mother's milk, but the kittens will have to take it further to compensate for the amount they lack. It is recommended to dosage organic, chelated minerals because they are best absorbed.

Copper

Copper is an important mineral that has many functions in the body. It is found in foods such as nuts, liver, vegetables and cereals. It is important for the formation of connective tissue, cartilage and bone. Too much vitamin C limits the absorption of copper, as well as the excess of certain metals. The lack of copper in cats is rare, and is most commonly manifested as anemia.

Iodine

Iod affects the production of many hormones, especially thyroid hormones, and proper growth and development. It is found in iodinated kitchen salt, seafood, meat and vegetables that grew in areas where soil contains iodine. The lack of this element can cause serious problems. Almost 80 percent of iodine in the body is found in the thyroid gland where it is linked to the amino acid tyrosine. Iodine is involved in the production of thyroid gland hormones that accelerate metabolism, regulate carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism, stimulate the development of the central nervous system and stimulate the production of enzymes.They also help in the secretion of growth hormone, are needed to maintain tone and strength, to maintain heart function, and to properly skim the skeleton. Iodine deficiency causes hypothyroidism in cats, i.e. slowed thyroid function. Poor diet, as well as poor iodine nutrition can cause thyroid problems, so it is important to keep it under control.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is the most common addition to cats. It is a group of related chemical compounds that have the effect of vitamin E and are soluble in fat. The most potent among them is alpha-tocopherol that is most commonly used. The best natural sources of vitamin E include wheat germ, corn and sunflower oil, nuts, eggs, butter, sweet potatoes and some types of green leafy vegetables. Most vitamin E is lost from food in contact with air, processing, canning and deep freezing. The most important function of this vitamin is fat-rich antioxidants, which protect unsaturated fatty acids in cell membranes, and proper muscle development.Although this vitamin is resistant to heat, it reacts very quickly in contact with oxygen so it is best to be supplemented in the capsules in which it is protected. If a cat gets too much fish in his diet, excess unsaturated fatty acids may be present in the body, which will require a dietary supplement in the form of vitamin E.

Vitamin A

This fat-soluble vitamin is found in foodstuffs of animal origin, as a vegetable of green, yellow and orange. We find it Vitamin A is necessary for good vision and prevents night blindness. Deficiency can cause serious problems with teeth, various skin diseases, and reduced resistance to infections. Cats with well-balanced diet do not need Vitamin A in the form of supplements. If it turns out that the body does not have enough vitamins, and the diet is not adequate for the cat, you should consider the substitution in the form of a diet supplement.

Vitamin C

It is known that Vitamin C is effective in fighting various diseases, and is found in citrus fruit, berry fruit, tomatoes, fresh green vegetables, potatoes, peppers, broccoli, cauliflower and chilli peppers. Due to vitamin C deficiency, many problems may arise depending on the degree of lack. A sluggishness can cause sensitive joints, bleeding in the right, fatigue, weakness, reduced resistance to infections, irritability, and muscle degeneration. Although people in vitamin C need it and take it at high doses to improve the immune system, cats do not have that much need for it.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D exists in two forms, D2 which originates mainly from plant sources, and D3 which is very important to cats. D3 or cholecalciferol is obtained from the dehydrocholesterol provitamin contained in the skin. By the action of sun or ultraviolet light, provitamin turns into an active form. Vitamin D is fat-soluble and is found in fats of animal origin, butter, eggs, liver, fish (especially salmon, sesame, sardines and tuna) and full-fat dairy products. Vitamin D acts like a hormone and helps in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the bowel to the bloodstream. Calcium and phosphorus are needed to create and strengthen bone and teeth.Vitamin D people can receive exposure to sunlight, while cats do not have this option, and they have a greater need for it. Most cats food contains a sufficient amount of vitamin D, but if the deficiency is demonstrated, it is important to properly supplement it with the veterinarian’s recommendation.

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 or riboflavin is water-soluble, but can partially be degraded in heat and light. It is found in various types of foods including milk, liver, cheese, eggs, yogurt, green vegetables, legumes and yeast extract. Riboflavin deficiency can cause diseases such as arthritis, and the action of drugs such as antibiotics. Vitamin B2 is absorbed in the body by the small intestine, and this process is controlled by the thyroid gland hormones. Lack of vitamin causes inflammation of the tongue, lips, hair loss, insomnia, and hypersensitivity to light. If the cat’s food is of poor quality and involves too much cereal, it is very likely that the body lacks vitamin B2.By changing the diet itself, it is possible to change the health condition and balance the organism. It is important to choose high-quality foods or purchasing foods that contain this vitamin in sufficient quantity.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6, or pyridoxine, is found in many types of foods including green vegetables, beans, fish, legumes, milk, meat, liver, whole grains, nuts, raisins and plums. This vitamin is part of many body functions, and is essential for healthy skin and nerves, creating red blood cells and strengthening the body’s resistance. Most cats do not need extra vitamin B6 because they are in complete liver, vegetable, and whole grain diet.

Folic acid

Folic acid or B9, vitamin is found in spinach, asparagus, green vegetables, liver, yeast, nuts and whole grains. It is believed that folic acid increases appetite and stimulates the production of hydrochloric acid in the digestive system. Folic acid from the food is absorbed in the small intestine, and one part of the bile is returned to the intestine. Therefore, any problem with the production of bile eliminates the balance of folic acid in the body. This vitamin cat need not be supplemented unless it has been long-term treatment with antibiotics that have destroyed the intestinal flora.In this case, folic acid should be taken in combination with vitamin B12, methionine and choline.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 or cyanocobaline whose name was given due to the cobalt contained, is the most complex vitamin B complex. It is found in foodstuffs of animal origin, eggs, dairy products (especially cheese), enriched with cereals and dairy cakes. Lack of vitamin B12 occurs in cats who have intestinal problems or poor diet that does not contain enough protein, iron, and vitamin B6. This vitamin is important because it affects the metabolism and function of folic acid in the body. B12 is easy to balance in the body with proper nutrition and very rarely take supplements.

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